Ubiquitous Monitoring System


The GIS Research Center (GIS.FCU) provides solutions and services concerning monitoring of debris flow, landslides, suspension solids in water, bridge safety, and ecosystem, applying advanced technology and equipment to conduct environmental monitoring. Data collected on-site is transmitted to the operation center through ADSL and satellite communication. Each monitoring station is equipped with both a local power and a backup power generator to ensure non-stop observation under any conditions. Acquired information assists the government in response to the disasters. Furthermore, the monitoring system has been designed to adopt and follow international standards of Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (OGC SWE) to exchange information between agencies and to enhance integration of various data resources. The interoperability and information integration provided by GIS.FCU has greatly improved the disaster response system and helped to achieve the ultimate goal of sharing and establishing cooperation.


Application Benefits

  • Integrating on-site monitoring and data analysis systems to build an all-round, fully functional monitoring platform, and assisting disaster and emergency response to ensure public safety.
  • Using international standards to integrate data from all units, assisting disaster divisions in handling emergency situations at every step.
  • Expanding and adjusting the application according to project requirements and landform through mobile and portable monitoring units.


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On-site Monitoring and Deployment

  • Monitoring Network
    A complete monitoring network covers up-, mid-, and downstream basin areas. Monitoring stations placed in downstream regions can provide long-term observation service and a prompt support for other monitoring applications. The mobile station is especially suitable for on-call tasks performed in mid- and upstream locations. The portable units play a supplemental role to enhance the monitoring network when gathering data in distant, no traffic-access areas becomes necessary. These applications follow the concept of a basin-wide monitoring network to expand the scope of disaster and emergency control.

  • Integration of Sensors
    Observed data will be collected and transmitted to the operation center through satellite, ADSL, radio, fiber network, 3G, and microwave. Sensor data provides important information for decision making during emergency response.

  • Introduction to the Monitoring Station

    Introduction to Debris Flow Monitoring

Framework of Monitoring Network

  • Monitoring Framework
    Monitoring data will be transmitted from various monitoring instruments to the emergency operation center through satellite or ADSL. The data provides important information for decision making during an emergency event. The information is publicly available online in real-time to all interested parties.

Information Integration for Disaster Prevention and Response

  • Basin-wide Disaster Prevention System
    To effectively understand local conditions of monitored areas, it is clearly necessary to have an integrated information platform to receive data from various disaster response units. The basin-wide disaster prevention system was designed based on this concept. The system includes essential functions and elements of map generation, observation display, local emergency reports, warnings, and weather forecast. The system has become an important decision assistance tool for disaster response.

  • Clients:Water Resource Agency / River Management Office / Soil and Conservation Bureau / Forestry Bureau / OGC
  • Projects:Disaster Prevention and Response / Technology Integration / Information Platform

Debris Flow Monitoring System

The Debris Flow Monitoring System works with the mobile station during a typhoon. The system will generate a priority list for dispatch based on the rainfall forecasting, typhoon tracks, and locations of the potential debris flow torrents. The system manages the necessary information for decision makers.

Landslide Monitoring System at 115.9 K of Su-Hua Highway

The Su-Hua Landslide monitoring system uses on-site sensors and rainfall forecasts from the QPESUMS of Central Weather Bureau to provide early warnings. The system assists the Directorate General of Highways to monitor the slope and highway safety.

River Monitoring and Management Integration Platform

River monitoring is an important element of river management. Because of a large area of a river basin, a management system is required to provide effective controls. Therefore, starting from 2007, each River Management Office has developed its monitoring and management system. In 2011, the Water Resource Agency has developed the Integration Platform providing an unified entry point to manage information from each of local offices. The River Monitoring and Management Integration Platform has greatly enhanced organizational efficiency.

Basin-Wide Disaster Prevention and Monitoring System

Basin-Wide Disaster Prevention and Monitoring System has integrated information and data from units, like the Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Water Resource Agency, Central Weather Bureau, and Directorate General of Highways. The system also compiles local disaster reports (like flooding and debris flow), and notifies the communities for preparation or evacuation when the alarm is given.