The GIS Research Center (GIS.FCU) provides solutions and services concerning monitoring of debris flow, landslides, suspension solids in water, bridge safety, and ecosystem, applying advanced technology and equipment to conduct environmental monitoring. Data collected on-site is transmitted to the operation center through ADSL and satellite communication. Each monitoring station is equipped with both a local power and a backup power generator to ensure non-stop observation under any conditions. Acquired information assists the government in response to the disasters. Furthermore, the monitoring system has been designed to adopt and follow international standards of Open Geospatial Consortium Sensor Web Enablement (OGC SWE) to exchange information between agencies and to enhance integration of various data resources. The interoperability and information integration provided by GIS.FCU has greatly improved the disaster response system and helped to achieve the ultimate goal of sharing and establishing cooperation.
Introduction to Debris Flow Monitoring
The Debris Flow Monitoring System works with the mobile station during a typhoon. The system will generate a priority list for dispatch based on the rainfall forecasting, typhoon tracks, and locations of the potential debris flow torrents. The system manages the necessary information for decision makers.
The Su-Hua Landslide monitoring system uses on-site sensors and rainfall forecasts from the QPESUMS of Central Weather Bureau to provide early warnings. The system assists the Directorate General of Highways to monitor the slope and highway safety.
River monitoring is an important element of river management. Because of a large area of a river basin, a management system is required to provide effective controls. Therefore, starting from 2007, each River Management Office has developed its monitoring and management system. In 2011, the Water Resource Agency has developed the Integration Platform providing an unified entry point to manage information from each of local offices. The River Monitoring and Management Integration Platform has greatly enhanced organizational efficiency.
Basin-Wide Disaster Prevention and Monitoring System has integrated information and data from units, like the Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Water Resource Agency, Central Weather Bureau, and Directorate General of Highways. The system also compiles local disaster reports (like flooding and debris flow), and notifies the communities for preparation or evacuation when the alarm is given.